In the 19th century, artificial fibers were created and Nylon was the first real man-made fiber. It was used commonly in women’s stockings. Since then a great number of synthetic fibers were introduce because of scientific development.
What are man-made or synthetic fibers?
Fibers made from chemicals holding superior properties than silk or cotton can be defined as artificial fibers. Synthetic materials are designed from a blend of organic and chemicals or only inorganic products. Some of them are resilient and durable, while a few dry quickly in comparison. Several fibers are more absorbent, so easy to dye. You can see excellent collections at on SarahGoodyears merchandise website. You will get branded different kinds of fabric samples.
Silk, cotton, linen and wool are common natural fibers used to design clothes. They have a soft and luxurious texture, which is easily replicated and blended to a level, where plenty of customers switched to artificial fibers rather than go natural. Let’s learn some basic information related to a variety of common man-made fabrics. This will help in making good clothes buying decision.
NYLON is flexible
In 1935, Dupont introduced nylon and it quickly replaced silk because it was the moment of World War II and there was shortage of silk material. Soon, the garment industry adapted synthetic fabrics as it was easily accessible. Plastic yarn strands are used to make nylon fabric. Nylon chips are melted and the liquid is forced into a nozzle with fine holes called spinneret. The liquid emerging from holes is instantly cooled down and turned into solid tiny threads, which are woven together for making nylon material.
Nylon fabric is very sensitive to heat, so needs to be washed as well as dried in cool settings. You can hang it dry outdoors because of its rapid drying properties. It is wrinkle-resistant as well as used in making upholstery, satins, tricots, knits, and chiffons.
RAYON is unusual
It is not totally artificial because cellulose occurring in nature is used. It is regarded as man-made fiber because extensive processing is needed to regenerate cellulose into rayon. It was developed in the year 1880 as a cheap alternative for silk. In 1920, Dupont acquired processing rights of rayon and churned yarns of this versatile and inexpensive fabric. Rayon is durable and is used in producing synthetic clothing. It is very absorbent, stretchy, and easy to dye. It drapes just like silk and need dry-cleaning. If not handled carefully, it tends to stretch or shrink. Rayon is blended with other fibers to imitate cotton, linen, and silk.
POLYESTER is mighty
Polyester has multiple variations but most popular is PET or polyethylene terephthalate. It was also discovered in DuPont’s laboratory in late 1930s. Plastic is heated and passed through spinnerets. Fibers are stretched 5 times their actual length then blended into yarn and weaved or knitted to make polyester fabric. Its profound durability has made polyester very popular. It maintains its shape, hardly suffers from wrinkling, shrinking, or stretching and resists to most chemicals. It is hydrophobic, so washing and drying polyester clothes is easy. Often used in blends and lining fabrics.
SPANDEX is stretchable
Spandex can be expanded up to 600% but it easily springs back into its original form. It is lightweight and suitable for designing sports apparel. Obviously, overtime the fabric gets exhausted due to wear and tear. Polyurethane is used in making spandex, which is the reason it holds elastic qualities. Prepolymers is the backbone of spandex fiber. There are stabilizers used to protect polymers integrity. Bathing suits, cycling pants, wetsuits, and surgical compression garments are designed from spandex due to its wick moisture ability. Spandex is a great option to bulkier natural fibers.
ACRYLIC is woolly
Woolly does not mean the fibers are resourced from animal shearing. It is pure man-made and imitates wool characteristics. The fiber includes acrylonitrile and comonomer. The latter is included to enhance its textile process-ability and dye-ability. The fabric is materialized using dry and wet spinning.
Sweaters and socks are knitted using acrylic fabric. The material is very soft, lightweight and great substitute for wool. Acrylic fabric even makes the softest cashmere in comparison.
ACETATE is luxurious
Acetate fabric is spun with cellulose filament extracted from wood pulp. Often, it is blended with wool, cotton or silk to reinforce the fabric. Acetate is preferred because of its elegant feel, high luster and ability to drape naturally. It is shrink-mildew resistant and dries quickly.